Pain & Symptom Management

With ESRD patients bearing a significant symptom burden, comfort is the target for integrating palliative care principles and practices.  Resources include:
  • A pain management algorithm
  • An overview of the essentials of pain management
  • The World Health Organization’s analgesic ladder
  • Instructions for neuropathic and nociceptive pain treatment
  • How to manage opioid adverse effects
  • Preferred medications in CKDA pain assessment